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|Packing||Corrugated fireboard boxes Each box weighs between 13kg and 18kg|
|Storage and Transport Conditions||Cold storage conditions ranging between 13°C-15°C Large refrigeration containers|
Morocco bananas account for 0.3% of the total banana production globally. They are widely consumed in the local Moroccan market and also exported to various countries around the world. Bananas are consumed as fresh fruit, blended into banana juice, or cooked when harvested before ripening.
The term ‘banana’ encapsulates various hybrids and species classified under the family Musaceae and genus Musa. The plant is succulent and cylindrical in shape with leaf-petiole sheaths and grows to a height of 25 ft.
The banana fruit develops from the plant’s female flowers and assumes a slender and green fingers appearance. As the fruits grow, they cluster to form a ‘hand’ of bananas. The total number ‘hands’ is dependent on the variant or species. The average size of a banana is 7 inches in length.
The Musa genus is native to northern Australia and Indo-Malaysian during the 3rd Century B.C. It is believed that bananas were first transported to Europe during the 10th Century. Portuguese mariners were involved in the transportation of the plant to South America and the West African coast during the 16th Century. The introduction of bananas in Morocco dates back to the early 1940s.
Morocco’s production of bananas started peaking in 1979 when the country produced 2000 metric tons. In 2017, Morocco produced 333,619 metric tons of bananas. It is a steady average annual growth rate of 7.13%.
Currently, Morocco produces 0.3% of the total bananas produced globally. It is ranked 38th among other countries known to produce bananas commercially. The export value of Morocco bananas, which includes plantains, is estimated at $31,000.
The Dwarf Cavendish variety is the most dominant variant of bananas produced in Morocco. They are mainly grown in the Aourir area, which is popularly known as banana village. They have sweet and exquisite flavour and are the most popular bananas grown for commercial purposes.
The primary harvest for bananas takes place during the dry season, which spans from November to February. However, bananas are harvested throughout the year, depending on the environmental conditions.
Tropical and near-tropical regions are ideal growing conditions for bananas. Such an area falls between 30°N and 30°S. In addition, the suitable temperature for banana farming is approximately 26.67°C. The appropriate mean rainfall per month is an average of 10cm.
The sites where bananas are grown are protected from strong winds. Acacia or cypress trees planted around the plantation’s perimeter help achieve this objective. The general location of a banana plantation should also be frost-free.
Fresh bananas are highly perishable. Bananas are picked by hand in bunches before they turn yellow. Rough handling and inadequate storage facilities can lead to more than 40% in production losses.
After the harvesting process, the bananas are transported to near packaging plants. They are then washed and packed as hands in corrugated fireboard boxes using box-code labelling to enable tracking. Each box weighs between 13kg and 18kg.
Cool storage conditions ranging between 13°C and 15°C is maintained to increase bananas’ shelf life. The fruits are then exported to various countries through maritime transport under the identified favourable conditions.
Bananas are rich in potassium and magnesium, which are healthy for your bones and heart. Sign up to our platform to get connected with buyers and sellers of Morocco bananas,