• Chad Cotton
  • Chad Cotton
  • Chad Cotton
  • Chad Cotton

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Variety Gossypium hirsutum- upland cotton Gossypium bardadense – extra-long-staple cotton Gossypium arbotereum-tree cotton Gossypium herbaceum- Levant cotton
PackingPacked in modules of 13-15 bales, 380 kgs per bale.
Size 1cm-6cm in length
Season June to September
Storage Conditions Stored under cool dry conditions
Transport ConditionsTransported under low humidity The considerable temperature of 30 degree Celsiu
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Chad cotton is important to Chads’ economy. The country avails the best quality of cotton both to the local and the international market. 

Cotton is an indigenous crop in the southern part of Chad. Most of the cotton farms in the country are still family-owned and operated.

Cotton is a fluffy staple fibre that grows in a boll or a protective case around the seeds of the cotton plants. The cotton plant is in genus Gossypium in the mallow family Malvaceae, and its’ fibre is almost pure cellulose.

The plant is a shrub native to the tropics and subtropics regions around the world, including the Americas, Africa, Egypt and India. The enormous diversity of cotton is in Mexico.

In 1910 the French colonial administration organized market production on a limited scale under the direction of the military government. By 1920 the colonial administration was promoting the massive production of cotton for export.

Chad cotton grows in the regions of Mayo-Kebbi, Tandjile, Logone Occidental, Logone Oriental and Moyen-Chari. Cotton cultivation extends to the neighbouring Sahelian prefectures of Salamat and Guera, and some farming is done in the Chad basin. 

Chad cotton is under rain-fed conditions. About 250,000 hectares of land in chad cultivate cotton.

The country exports about 90,000 tons to 250,000 tons of raw cotton annually. Cotton employees an estimate of 2.5 million Chadians and provides half of Chad ‘s export revenue.

Chad exports cotton is to Spain, Germany, France, Portugal and Belgium.

 There are four cotton varieties of cotton grown in Chad, these include;

  • Gossypium hirsutum- upland cotton, it is native to Central America, Mexico, the Caribbean and southern Florida. (90% of world production)
  • Gossypium bardadense –known as extra-long-staple cotton, native to tropical South America. (8% world production)
  • Gossypium arbotereum-tree cotton, native to India and Pakistan 
  • Gossypium herbaceum- Levant cotton, native to South Africa and Arabian Peninsula.

 Cotton is a warm season (tropical) crop. It can be grown in regions with rainfall of 850-1100 mm. It requires a constant temperature of 18 and 30 degree Celsius. Dry conditions are favourable. Planting occurs in spring after all the dangers of frost have passed.

Chad cotton harvest manually by handpicking. Once harvesting is over, the producers must sort the cotton to separate low-quality cotton from the high-quality white cotton. Most ginning factories are in the southern part of the country.

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Other Processed & Agro Commodities from Chad: Chad Cotton, Chad Natural Gum Arabic,

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