Buy South Africa Almonds Directly From Exporters & Suppliers - Best of 2020 Market Prices
|Packing||In bags 5kg, 10kg, 12.5kg and 25kg|
|Storage||Stored in cool, dry places, Away from direct sunlight|
|Season||January & February|
|Transport Conditions||Transported in room temperature 19-22 degrees celsius, Relative Humidity 89-90%|
Almonds are Mediterranean nut trees. The domestication of almonds dates back to the (3000-2000 BC). Natively, almonds grew in South Central Asia from where it spread to southern Europe and Mediterranean Northern Africa. South Africa almonds have been in production since the 1980s. Over recent years, the increased demand has led to more farmers taking up the crop. The almond tree requires fertile lands with plenty of manure and fertilizers to give a good yield.
Annually South Africa produces about 300 tons of almonds. Farmers in South Africa grow imported and local breeds of almonds. Non-pareil is the most grown breed. After flowering, the almond takes between 7 and 8 months for its fruit to mature. Maturity of the almonds occurs in autumn. After planting the almond trees take up to 8 years before they start reproducing.
The almond tree grows within a range of 4 to 10 M tall. The trees thickness is approximately 30cm. Shoots change colour as they age from green to purple and grey. Almond leaves are lanceolate growing up to 13cm long and flowers are white and pale pink with five petals. The almond fruit appears as a drupe with a length of 6cm. Its outer coat is downy. The exocarp is leathery grey-green inside bearing the hard-shelled nut. A single hull can hold one or two almond nuts.
Scientifically, the almond is not a nut. Almonds are among the most nutritious and healthiest foods in the world. They are well balanced and free of cholesterol. The nutritional value of the nuts appears as follows;
- Almonds contain 575 calories per 100g
- They also contain 12.2g of fibre per 100g
- Almonds contain 26mg of vitamin E for every 100g
- Each 100 g also contains fats of
- The monounsaturated fat content is 31g per 100g
- Omega 3 fatty acids content is 6mg per 100g
- Omega 6 fatty acids content is 12065mg per 100g
- The protein content is 21g per 100g
- For every 100g, magnesium is 268mg, phosphorous 484mg, calcium is 265mg, iron is 3.5mg, and the potassium content is 670mg
The health benefits of the almonds include reduced blood cholesterol levels. It is also said to lower the risk of heart disease, lowering blood sugar levels and cancer. Almonds are edible in salads, roasted, raw, used in baking and also processed to almond milk. Cosmetics industries make use of almonds in the manufacture of skincare products.
Harvesting of South Africa Almonds takes place in January and February. The dried hull changes from green to yellow and starts cracking from the pedicel end. The mature fruits are harvested using a shaker. Upon collection, the fruit dries naturally for up to a period of 14days. In other cases, machines assist in drying the nuts within a shorter period. When thoroughly dried, the hulls are separated. The moisture content for storage should be 7%. The dried and shelled nuts are then stored in fumigated bins for processing. The processing involves bleaching, salting, roasting, flavouring and packaging. In other cases dry shelled, and unshelled nuts are stored for years while refrigerated at 4.5 degrees Celcius.
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