Buy Senegal Guavas Directly From Exporters & Suppliers - Best of 2020 Market Prices
|Varieties||Yellow fruited cherry, strawberry, red apple|
|Storage||5 degrees Celsius|
|Transport Conditions||5 degrees Celsius|
Guavas are one of the sweetest tasting tropical fruits in Senegal. They are a rich source of vitamins and carbohydrates. The Senegal guava tree is wide with a short canopy, ranging from a single to multiple stemmed trunks. It has as a slippery bark which is around 3 to 7 inches. The guava fruit is a small round or oval with a pear shape. The inside is pinkish or white with small edible seeds. Guavas are mostly eaten raw as snacks or made into beverages such as juice or jams. The leaves are used for medicinal purposes to treat diarrhoea, diabetes, cholesterol, heart diseases and cancer.
Guava farming has not been so rampant in Senegal until the late 1960s when farmers decided to go commercial on the fruit. It has been growing as a wild fruit, but till then Senegalese farmers are embracing planting guavas for export. Senegal has been ranked 31st globally in guava production. In 2018, Senegal produced a total of 123,000 tonnes of guavas.
The common varieties of guavas grown in Senegal are;
- Yellow cherry guava is the mildest and is said to be the sweetest guava of all. It is 3cm in diameter and yellow-skinned with creamy flesh. It contains small seeds, its tree is short and begins fruit bearing when it is less than 1m high.
- Strawberry guava. Generally grows up to 4m in height and is taller than the cherry guava. It produces red fruits and juicy pulp. It is said to have a strawberry essence and mostly is used to make juice, jam or jelly
- Red apple guava. It is round, sometimes green, yellow or red when ripe with large seeds that are acidic while the tree grows up to 3m with wide branches.
Guavas grow very well in any soil but perform better in Senegal due to its well-drained soils. Generally, they are planted during summer, and they should be spaced two to three meters apart. If planted during warm weather, the seedlings require frequent watering to prevent withering. The guava trees begin fruit-bearing around 2 to 3 years after planting. They reach full productive capacity at 8 to 10 years. An average tree will produce up to 150 kgs of fruits per year.
Senegal guavas are harvested during August and September. Harvesting of the fruits is done by hand as they ripen on the tree. Marketing of Senegal guavas is done before harvesting as they have a very short shelf life. The shelf life can be prolonged for up to two weeks by keeping them at very low temperatures of around 5 degrees Celsius. The fruits are packed into baskets made locally in Senegal using available plant materials like reeds. For export, they are packed in wooden boxes that are well padded with cushioning materials. Senegal exports its guavas mostly to other African countries like Mali, Nigeria, Guinea, Gambia and Mauritania.
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