What is the price of garlic per kilogram/pound in South Africa today, December 2nd?
The retail price range for South Africa garlic is between US$ 6.07 and US$ 9.95 per kilogram or between US$ 2.75 and US$ 4.51 per pound(lb). Click here to see today's exact prices of garlic in South Africa
The retail price range in Rand for garlic is between ZAR 117.86 and ZAR 193.28 per kilogram or between ZAR 53.45 and ZAR 87.66 per pound(lb) in Johannesburg and Cape Town.
In 2023, the approximate wholesale price range for South Africa garlic is between US$ 4.25 and US$ 6.96 per kilogram or between US$ 1.93 and US$ 3.16 per pound(lb).
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South Africa Garlic Export Prices - Historical, Trends and Prediction
The export price per kilogram of garlic from South Africa has seen a steady increase over the last five years. In 2017, the price was 2.57 US dollars per kilogram, and in 2021 it had risen to 2.88 US dollars per kilogram. The highest price was seen in 2021, with a price of 2.88 US dollars per kilogram. The lowest price was seen in 2014, with a price of 1.25 US dollars per kilogram. The average price for the last five years was 2.27 US dollars per kilogram. Based on this trend, it is predicted that the export price per kilogram of garlic from South Africa in 2023 will be around 3.10 US dollars per kilogram, and in 2024 it will be around 3.32 US dollars per kilogram.
The South Africa garlic exports are classified as:
- Garlic, fresh or chilled (HS code 070320)
South Africa Garlic Import Prices - Historical, Trends and Prediction
The import price per kilogram of garlic into South Africa has been relatively stable over the last five years. In 2017, the price was $2.57, followed by a slight decrease to $2.12 in 2018. In 2019, the price dropped further to $2.03, before increasing to $2.19 in 2020. The highest price was recorded in 2021, at $2.88 per kilogram. This was followed by a decrease to $2.04 in 2022.
Looking ahead, it is likely that the import price of garlic into South Africa will remain relatively stable in the next two years. We predict that the price in 2023 will be around $2.04, and in 2024 it will be around $2.19.
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Export values for South Africa garlic
The total values in export for garlic in South Africa were US$ 2,106, US$ 2,336, US$ 1,950 and US$ 1,901 in US dollar thousand for the years 2016, 2017, 2018 and 2019 in that order.
Prices of other produce in the Herbs and Spices category in South Africa:
Pepper, Capsicum (Bell Pepper), Vanilla, Cinnamon, Cloves, Nutmeg, Mace, Cardamom, Anise & Coriander seeds.
See prices of garlic in other countries across Africa:
Algeria garlic, Angola garlic, Botswana garlic, Burundi garlic, Cameroon garlic, Cape Verde garlic, Central African Republic garlic, Comoros garlic, DRC Congo garlic & Benin garlic.
South Africa garlic - Production, Exports, Imports, Seasons and HS Codes
In 2019 South Africa exported 2,276,312 tonnes of garlic. For 2019 alone, the demand for South Africa garlic (herbs and spices category) has decreased, with a change of -3.023 percent compared to the year 2018. Between 2017 and 2019, garlic's exports went up by 4.06% bringing the country US$1.90m for the year 2019. South Africa's garlic exports are categorised as:
- Garlic, fresh or chilled (HS code 070320)
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South Africa garlic export values
In 2019, South Africa supplied garlic costing 1.90m USD, a decrease of -2.56% from 2018's total garlic export of 1.95m USD. The annual reduction in value of South Africa garlic between 2017 to 2018 was -16.524 pc.
The annual variation in the amount of South Africa's garlic exports between 2017 and 2019 was 4.06 per cent when compared to a variation of -3.023% in the growth rate between 2018 and 2019.
Export markets for South Africa garlic ( in '000$ )
South Africa's leading export markets for garlic are Mozambique, Botswana, Namibia, United Kingdom (UK) and Lesotho.
South Africa ordered 2,944 tonnes of garlic in 2019.
Garlic production in South Africa
According to the government of South Africa, the country’s foreign shipments of garlic represent a small percentage of world exports.
However, garlic production in South Africa has grown exponentially between 2012 and 2021. In 2020, production rose by 75% from 2019 and in 2021, value from the crop nearly reached the ZAR$200-million mark for the first time.
The main cultivation areas are in the cool and dry climes of Limpopo, Gauteng, Kwa Zulu Natal, Free State and Northern Cape.
Price trends for South Africa garlic
Current wholesale prices:$630 per tonne wholesale bulk
Current retail prices: $6.36 to 10.43 per kg
The Johannesburg market is a bi-weekly meeting place for vegetable sellers and consumers from all walks of life. Here, vegetables cost the least in the nation. Prices of garlic for 2023 at the market averaged ZAR 189.39 ($10.43) per kg box.
South Africa garlic seed prices
Garlic seeds in South Africa sell per seed and by variety in bulk quantity. Based on figures from Garlic Farmers of South Africa, the prices were as follows (2023 prices):
Pink Egyptian Garlic seeds: from ZAR 0.75 per seed for 600,000 seed orders
White Egyptian Garlic seeds: from ZAR 0.55 per seed for 600,000 seed orders
White Eastern Garlic seeds: from ZAR 0.75 per seed for 600,000 seed orders
Giant Elephant Garlic seeds: from ZAR 2.00per seed for 600,000 seed orders
The main garlic-producing regions in South Africa, such as the Free State and Mpumalanga, have experienced challenges in recent years due to drought conditions and labor shortages. These factors have impacted yields and contributed to lower domestic supply.
With domestic production falling short of demand, South Africa relies heavily on imports, primarily from China and Spain. However, global supply chain disruptions, including port congestion and container shortages, have made it more expensive and difficult to import garlic. Some though retailers have been accused of profiteering from the tight supply and higher wholesale prices, adding excessive markups to their garlic prices.